In brief: This chapter gives a history of equal opportunity legislation, outlines defenses against discrimination allegations, gives examples of discriminatory practices, describes the EEOC enforcement process and suggests proactive programs.
interesting issues: Affirmative Action programs have come under fire in recent years, even by some members of protected groups. A very critical issue is whether Affirmative Action represents a "leg up" assistance for those who have been historically discriminated against, or if it becomes a "crutch" that hinders their motivation and ability to compete and perform. While this is a delicate and potentially volatile issue, helping students be able to see and understand both sides of the argument will help them understand the depth of these issues.
Equal Employment Opportunity 1964-1991
Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act
Says it is unlawful:
to fail or refuse to hire or to discharge an individual or otherwise to discriminate against any individual with respect to his/her compensation, terms, conditions, or privileges of employment, because of such individual's race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
to limit, segregate, or classify his/her employees or applicants for employment in any way that would deprive or tend to deprive any individual of employment opportunities or otherwise adversely affect his/her status as an employee, because of such individual's race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
Who does Title VII Cover?
all public or private employers of 15 or more persons
all private and public educational institutions
the federal, state, and local governments
public and private employment agencies
labor unions with 15 or more members
joint labor-management committees
investigates job discrimination complaints
may file charges in court
Equal Pay Act of 1963
Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967
Vocational Rehabilitation Act of 1973
Required Employers with Federal Contracts over $2500 to take Affirmative Action for Handicapped People.
Was Used to Help Outlaw Discrimination Against People with AIDS.
Vietnam Era Veterans' Readjustment Assistance Act of 1974
Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978
Federal Agency Guidelines
Uniform Guidelines on Employee Selection Procedures
Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for favors and other verbal or
physical conduct of a sexual nature that takes place under any of the
submission to such conduct is made either explicitly or implicitly a term or condition of an individual's employment
submission to or rejection of such conduct by an individual is used as the basis for employment decisions affecting such individual
such conduct has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with an individual's work performance or creating an intimidating, hostile, or offensive work environment
Quid Pro Quo
Hostile Environment Created by Supervisors...
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