Answer :- Role of HR Executives
Managing people is one of the biggest challenges for a manager. Few of the reasons are: Individuals differ from each other in terms of their values, attitudes, beliefs and culture. This leads to a very complex situation.The stimulating and motivational factors might not be the same for all employees. It is important to understand the individual needs of the employees and cater to those needs. This involves taking up different roles by the HR. The specialist role of HR manager includes:
* Services provider
* Administrative expert
* Change agent
* Employee advocate
* Service provider – Management needs to gather information such as market statistics, pay rates and labour laws, and legislations from the market as well as from their competitors before making decisions on various employee related issues. * Administrative expert – The administrative role involves record keeping and legal compliance. The HR is responsible for maintaining all records of the employees relating to their employment and also ensuring the organization complies to the statutory health and safety, employee welfare measures. * Facilitator – They act as a facilitator when training and development actions are planned and conducted, and when performance appraisals are done.
* Consultant – While supervising the employees, managers face many problems. Their problems may be due to lack of motivation, lack of training, job misfit and grievances relating to pay. They should know how to smoothly resolve such problems. * Auditor – HR specialists are responsible for ensuring that all members of the management perform their respective roles efficiently and also ensures that there is effective use of the human resources of the organization. * Change agent – It is the HR that helps organizations’ to implement changes and help employees adapt to changes. The HR is the first department that recognises the changes in the external environment and makes necessary changes within the organisation to help the organisation adjust to the changes without any hitches. When the market is not favourable, the HR may be busy with downsizing and when there are new prospects in future, the HR tries to ensure that the employees are well trained to take full advantage of it. * Employee advocate – HR employees are the link between the top management and the employees. The concerns of the employees are first reported to the HR personnel. They report these issues to the top management and try to resolve the issues.
2.What are the steps involved in HR planning ?
Answer :- Human Resource Planning (HRP) can be defined as the method of ensuring the right number of qualified people, in the right job at the right time to bring the results in an efficient and effective manner. In simple words, HRP is understood as the process of forecasting an organisation’s future demand for, and supply of, the right type of people in the right number. HRP may be rightly regarded as a multi-step process, including various issues such as: * deciding goals or objectives.
* estimating future organisational structure and manpower requirements. * auditing human resources both internally and externally. * planning job requirements and job descriptions/person specifications. * building a plan.
Steps in human resource planning :
The basic steps of HRP include the following:
* Considering the effect of organisational strategy and objectives on different units of the organisation in terms of the human resource requirement. * Forecasting the manpower requirements of the organisation by involving the line managers to decide and finalise the human resource needs of their respective department. Forecasting may be carried out using mathematical projection tools or judgements.Forecasting the...