Humans are an organization's greatest assets. Everyday business functions such as managing cash flow, making business transactions, communicating through all forms of media, and dealing with customers could not be completed without Human Resources. Today's organizations and business environments are continuously changing. They interfering not only the business but also its employees. In order to maximize organizational effectiveness, human resource must be managed successfully. Human resource management make that employees are able to meet the organization's goals.
HRM is Policies and practices involved in caring out the people or human resources aspect of a management position, including recruiting, screening, training, rewarding, and appraising. Human resource management is both an academic theory and a business practice that addresses the theoretical and practical techniques of managing a workforce. ( Hand Book )
The goal of human resource management is to help an organization to meet strategic goals by attracting, and maintaining employees and also to manage them effectively. The key word here perhaps is "fit", i.e. a HRM approach seeks to ensure a fit between the management of an organization's employees, and the overall strategic direction of the company (Miller, 1989).
Crutical Academic theory
Postmodernism plays an important part in Academic Theory and particularly in Critical Theory. Indeed Karen Legge in 'Human Resource Management: Rhetorics and Realities' possess the debate of whether HRM is a modernist project or a postmodern discourse (Legge 2004). In many ways, critically or not, many writers contend that HRM itself is an attempt to move away from the modernist traditions of personnel (man as machine) towards a postmodernist view of HRM (man as individuals).
Human resources management comprises several processes. Together they are supposed to achieve the above mentioned goal. These... [continues]
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