Human Resource Development (HRD) is the framework for helping employees develop their personal and organizational skills, knowledge, and abilities. Human Resource Development includes such opportunities as employee training, employee career development, performance management and development, coaching, mentoring, succession planning, key employee identification, tuition assistance, and organization development. The focus of all aspects of Human Resource Development is on developing the most superior workforce so that the organization and individual employees can accomplish their work goals in service to customers. Organizations have many opportunities for human resources or employee development, both within and outside of the workplace.
McLean and McLean (2001) have offered the following global definition of HRD after reviewing various definitions across the world: “ Human Resource Development is any process or activity that, either initially or over the longer-term, has the potential to develop adults’ work based knowledge, expertise, productivity, and satisfaction, whether for personal or group/team gain, or for the benefit of an organization, community, nation, or, ultimately the whole humanity” IMPORTANCE OF HRD
* As the human resources of a country develop, the country progresses and the benefits spread all over the country. Better skilled and well-trained human resources attract a larger foreign direct investment into the country and improve the brand image of the country internationally. HRD for an economy is dependent on the economic policy of the government and the effort by the institutions in the economy to actively participate in the development process. Increase in Entrepreneurial Activity
* Human resource development may occur as a result of better education, training or development of vocational skills for individuals. This activity results in an increase in entrepreneurial activity due to the creative process that is encouraged by HRD. Moreover, even in an economy faced by high levels of unemployment, vocational training can generate substantial number of entrepreneurs who look for self-employment. Thus, HRD opens more options and wider avenues of success for individuals. Increase in Productivity
* HRD leads to better and efficient utilization of the available resources. The same numbers of individuals are able to improve their performance through training or learning of more productive skills. This leads to an increase in productivity in the same company at the firm-wide level and to an increase in the overall value of goods produced at the country-wide level. An increase in productivity of employees generates high economic progress for the country. Counteracting Social Taboos
* HRD can lead to a change in social perception of many people and can result in the development of the society. Better educated and skilled workers can think and act more constructively and result in a change of the social environment. Improved education leads to self-awareness and prevents individuals from embracing superstitions. Human Rights
* A better trained and educated workforce is well aware of its rights and is better able to protect against human rights violations. Workplace environments improve and workers rights are acknowledged with HRD. Profitability
* At the firm-wide level, HRD leads to increased productivity and better client service. This leads to increased revenues at reduced costs for the company. Most companies today are focused on hiring a well-trained and competitive workforce in order to develop a unique selling point and enhance their profitability. Demographic Effect
* HRD results in more households with two working parents. This provides enhanced income for the household and at the same time reduces the time available to parents for raising kids. As a result, a better educated workforce results in a smaller...