How Traditional Principle of Humanitarian Intervention Cope with the Influence of Foreign Policies

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FOURAH BAY COLLEGE UNIVERSITY OF SIERRA LEONE
PEACE STUDIES DEPARTMENT

MODULE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

RESEARCH PROPOSAL
HOW TRADITIONAL PRINCIPLE OF HUMANITARIAN INTERVENTION COPE WITH THE INFLUENCE OF FOREIGN POLICIES

SUBMITTED TO: MR ALIMAMY CONTEH

SUBMITTED BY: KABBA LAVALLIE

REGISTRATION NO: 22511

CONTENTS

1. INTRODUCTION

1. INTRODUCTION OF THE TOPIC

2. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

3. AIMS AND OBJECTIVE

4. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

5. SCOPE OF THE STUDY

6. LIMITATION AND DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY

7. HYPOTHESIS

8. RESEARCH QUESTION

2. THE POLITIZATION OF HUMANITARIAN AID

2.1

CHAPTER ONE

1. INTRODUCTION
“Humanitarian intervention poses a hard test for an international society built on principles of sovereignty, non- intervention, and the non use of force. Immediately after the holocost, the society of states established laws prohibiting genocide, forbidding the mistreatment of civilians, and recognising basic human rights. These humanitarian principle often conflict with principle of sovereignty and non intervention. Sovereign states are expected to as guardians of their citizens security. But what happens if state behaves as criminals towards their own people, treating sovereignty as a licence to kill ?. Should tyrannical states be recognised as a legitimate member of international society and accorded by the non intervention principle, or should state forfeit their sovereign rights and be exposed to legitimate intervention if they actively abuse or fail to protect their citizens” . {Alex J Bellamy and Nicolas J Weeler, Humanitarian Intervention in world politics}

1. INTRODUCTION OF THE TOPIC
As a result of the frequency and intensity of complex emergencies and also natural disasters for the past two decade has lead to the rapid transformation in the policy and the institutional context of humanitarianism. Initially humanitarian was covered with a narrow set of basic relief activities and carry out by small group of independent actors, has now expanded significantly to an ever widening and much more complex range of rehabilitation work.

The Rwandan genocide, finally forced humanitarian agencies to think beyond traditional relief assistance that was based on the delivery of food, shelter , basic heath care and take a deeper reflection on how they actually perceived their own role and responsibility as to how they can be accountable in the humanitarian field. It is now clear that there are principle which are to be followed by non governmental organisation in the humanitarian sphere that they are to operate with, especially when it comes to its usefulness in addressing the complex and political conditions that surrounds emergency situation.

Humanitarian assistance has been a highly political activity, it also involves in engaging authorities in conflict affected countries or relying on donor for financial support and that all can be politically motivated. It is also nowadays evident that relief organisation seem to remain even less in control of their working environment due to expanding peacekeeping and military led action. In there action they are confronted with scale of human rights abuses and also the targeting of civilian and humanitarian workers. However the necessity to interact with armed groups started to blur the line between military policies and relief mission, making humanitarian action appear to be increasingly tied to the overall political response of donor countries to complex emergencies.

It is a moral obligation for humanitarian workers to provide aid where ever it may be needed and the alleviation of suffering in humanitarian crisis is supposed to be the basic motivation in this context. In the area of professionalism the humanitarian workers act to ensure that their action confer no military advantage and that they are driven solely on the basis of need, the humanitarian principle of...
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