When writing a critical review of an article, you will need to summarize, evaluate, and offer critical comment on the ideas and information that the author(s) presents in the article. Research / scientific articles are highly structured to make information easy to find. The research article usually has the following sections: Title Page, Abstract, Introduction, Method, Results, Discussion, References, and Tables / Figures. Your goal should be to read and understand the article, analyze the findings or arguments, and evaluate and comment on the article. Reading the Article
•Allow enough time to understand it.
•Read the article without taking notes to gain an overall idea of its main idea. •Identify:
-- the research question (usually stated in the Abstract and Introduction) -- the hypothesis(es) (usually in the Introduction)
-- the test of the hypothesis (in the Methods)
-- the findings (in the Results, including tables and figures) -- how the findings were interpreted (in the Discussion)
•Read the article again analytically and make notes of main ideas and main topic. Highlight important ideas and make brief notes. •Read the article in depth again.
Ask yourself these questions:
-- What is interesting about this information?
-- How does the author(s) support the hypothesis?
-- What is the main aim of the article?
-- Is the article timely?
-- Is the argument / thesis convincing? Is the evidence valid? -- How does the study design address the thesis?
-- What are the controls for each experiment?
-- Is the methodology appropriate? Any weaknesses?
-- Are the results convincing? Is it comprehensive and through? -- What questions remain unanswered? Anything omitted?
-- Are the findings presented and described clearly and fully? -- Could the data be interpreted in another way?
-- How does the article contribute to the field? Does it make an original contribution to the field? -- How does the...