September 15, 2004
How to Administer Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, also known as CPR, is a type of first aid administered to a person whose heart or breathing has stopped. CPR may be classified as an “emergency life-support procedure” (www.webhealthcentre.com). CPR requires the individual to learn the physical aspects of performing mouth- to- mouth breathing and closed chest compressions. CPR also requires the individual to know the “proper timing and specific sequence in which to use this skill” (www.crinigeria.com). The acronym ABC is used to represent three major functions in CPR. The meanings are as follows: “A” for airway, “B” for breathing, and “C” for circulation. It is important that when performing emergency life-support the individual performs as quickly as possible, except under certain circumstances does the individual perform carefully. After four to six minutes has passed, it is likely for brain damage to occur after cardiopulmonary arrest and will increase in severity every minute after. In such cases, it is suggested to follow the following steps: call for help, restore breathing if breathing has stopped, (most importantly for children pulled from the water, restore circulation if there is no heartbeat or pulse, stop any bleeding, and treat for shock. It is important for people to know and do CPR because CPR is considered to be a time saver. CPR keeps blood and oxygen circulating to the brain. Without the presence of oxygen and blood in the brain, brain damage could occur. CPR keeps the brain alive and prevents the brain from becoming damaged until further help arrives. CPR should be done to individuals who are unconscious and do not have breath or a heartbeat. It is important to establish unconsciousness before performing CPR. It is also important to check the individual’s airway (passage between the mouth and lungs) to make sure that it is not blocked by an object or the...