How to Make the World a Better Place

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  • Topic: European Union, Economics, Globalization
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STUDENT EXAMINATION NUMBER:   

 Y0145336                 

MODULE NO:          MODULE TITLE:         Module Tutor:        Essay Title: 

MAN00019M P/G 

International Politics and Economic Business 

Simon Sweeney & Jonathan Fanning 

’It is perhaps most useful ... to view the relationship between [trans]nationals and governments as both cooperative and competing, both supportive and conflictual. They operate in a fully dialectical relationship, locked into unified but contradictory roles and positions, neither the one nor the other partner clearly or completely able to dominate’ (Doz, cited in Dicken, 2007:233). Discuss this view with reference to the changing role of the state and the status and power of multinational corporations. 

                      Word Count:     3.267 

Individual essay

’It is perhaps most useful ... to view the relationship between [trans]nationals and governments as both cooperative and competing, both supportive and conflictual. They operate in a fully dialectical relationship, locked into unified but contradictory roles and positions, neither the one nor the other partner clearly or completely able to dominate’ (Doz, cited in Dicken, 2007:233). Discuss this view with reference to the changing role of the state and the status and power of multinational corporations.

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    Exam No Y0145336  International Politics and Economic Business 

1. Introduction This paper discusses the relationship between states, multinational corporations (MNCs) and intergovernmental institutions (IGOs) along the globalisation process. The increasing challenges to reduce poverty and environmental protection can only be faced with a collective approach. This is made more difficult by the fact that states act on national favour and partly on an international level within institutions. As a consequence, the necessary attention for the global challenges fade into the background. This essay attempts to establish how both global issues and national issues can holistically be approached to distribute power and public goods fairly. Therefore, the first chapter analyses the nexus between different state models and MNCs. Although the state has lost a large amount of its sovereignty, it still remains a powerful actor. However, it has to change its approach and duties to face the obstacles. The second chapter shows the impact of the credit crunch and the weaknesses which have caused it. The neoliberal belief as well as the unequal distribution of public goods leads to tension on national and international levels which can evoke anarchy forces. The third and final chapter explains how the current problems and challenges with a multilateral and institutional approach can be improved.

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    Exam No Y0145336  International Politics and Economic Business 

Contemporary state divergences and MNCs Globalisation has increased the worldwide trade and accelerated it. Perhaps not on such a global scale as most suppose, but mainly within the so called ‘Triads’ which have expanded in the last decades (Dicken, 2010). Accompanied with increasing wealth, globalisation has lifted a lot of people from poverty to a sufficient level to live. Unfortunately, there are still 1.3 billion people who have to live from less than 1.25 US-$ a day (Worldbank, 2013). Therefore, it has to be questioned if globalisation affects everyone in the world? Schoolte in Baylis et al. (2008) argues that there are still regions today which are completely untouched by the economic changes of the last decades. In contrast Sweeney (2005) has the notion that globalisation is not a force of nature, and it affects all parts of the world more or less. Departing from Sweeney’s statement, we should look at which forces have the primacy in the contemporary economic environment, and shape it as it is today – states or MNCs? The privatisation of public utilities, loose control over capital movements etc. led to the impression of an...
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