How to Make Review of Related Literature

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The Review of Related Literature

The review of related literature is an essay that should show why your research needs to be carried out, how you came to choose certain methodologies and theories to work with, and how your work adds to the research already carried out by others.

Divide your review into two main parts:
1. Introduction
This is where you define or identify the general topic, issue, or area of concern, and let the reader understand the context of your research. Point out overall trends in what has been published about the topic. These include conflicts in theory; gaps in research; and new perspectives of immediate interest. Discuss also the major findings of other researchers who did a similar study. Explain the general flow of your research and more importantly, discuss the significance of your research (the motivation for the doing the project). The introduction should answer the following questions: A. What is the research all about?

B. What are the main concepts involved in the topic?
C. Are there previous studies on the topic? If so, what do these studies show? D. Are there recent studies similar to this research? What do these studies show? E. What is the motivation for your research? What is its significance? What are the possible applications of the study? F. What is the general flow of the research (e.g. how it was conducted, what variables were observed)? Why was this method chosen? What are the limitations of your research?

2. Theory
In this part, organize your review according to a specific criterion to make the flow of your discussion coherent. Discuss in detail the theoretical background of your research. Make sure that all the major theoretical information on your research is covered.

Times New Roman font size 12
1.5” margin on the left, 1” margin on ALL sides


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