How to make reference list

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How to make a reference list

How to make a reference list1
General1
A complete publication1
An article in a journal2
A part of a publication / a paper presented at a meeting2
Electronic document2
Web sites3
Additional points3
Read more 3

General

The information needed for your reference list has to be collected when actually using the particular document. It is not sufficient to photocopy the title page of the document, for this may not contain all the information needed for a proper reference. A publication / article etc. retrieved from the website (of an organisation) is presented according to the guidelines for printed publications + the url and if necessary the date of retrieval. If a document or article is only available on the web, the information on the publisher or the journal can be omitted. For documents available in the IRC (virtual) library a ready made reference can be retrieved from IRCDOC http://www.irc.nl/docsearch/search.

In general a reference starts with the name of the author(s) followed by the year of publication, the title, the publisher and eventually the series.

Bastemeijer, T.F. and Visscher, J.T. (1987). Maintenance systems for rural water supplies. The Hague, The Netherlands, IRC. (Occasional paper; no. 8)

The most common types of publications to be put in your refer­ence list are: - a complete publication (book, report)
- an article in a journal
- a part of a publication (chapter in a book)
- a paper presented at a meeting
- electronic documents
- web sites

These types of publications all have their own way of pres­entation. A complete publication
author(s), surname and initials
year of publication, between brackets
title and subtitle, divided by space : space
edition (if applicable)
place of publication
name of publisher
series (if applicable)

Bastemeijer, T.F. and Visscher, J.T. (1987). Maintenance systems for rural water supplies. The Hague, The Nether­lands, IRC. (Occasional paper; no. 8) An article in a journal
author(s), surname and initials
year of publication, between brackets
title and subtitle, divided by space : space
name of journal
volume number
issue number
page number

Charnock, G. (1982). ‘Malawi's Livulezi project provides a primer for pump studies’. In: World water, vol. 5, no. 1, p. 22-26 A part of a publication / a paper presented at a meeting
author(s) surname and initials
year of publication, between brackets
title of chapter/article
in:
editor(s) surname and initials
title and subtitle of the book, divided by space : space
edition (if applicable)
place of publication
name of publisher
series (if applicable)
page numbers of chapter/article

Roark, P. (1984). ‘Women and water’. In: P. Bourne (ed.). Water and sanitation : economic and sociological perspectives. Orlando, USA, Academic Press. P. 49-68

Pyle, D.L. (1982). ‘Anaerobic digester designs in the third world’. In: Proceedings of the international symposium on anaerobic digestion, held at Cardiff, UK, April 1981. London, UK, Applied Science Publishers Electronic document

author(s) surname and initials
year of publication, between brackets
title, if applicable
[name of publisher, if the document is also available in printed form] retrieved [date], from the World Wide Web: [url]

Rached, E. ; Rathgeber, E.M. ; Brooks, D.B. (1996). Water management in Africa and the Middle East : challenges and opportunities. Ottawa, Ont, Canada, International Development Research Centre. Available at: http://www.idrc.ca/acb/showdetl.cfm?&DID=6&Product_ID=82&CATID=15

or:
Rached, E. ; Rathgeber, E.M. ; Brooks, D.B. (1996). Water management in Africa and the Middle East : challenges and opportunities. Available at: http://www.idrc.ca/acb/showdetl.cfm?&DID=6&Product_ID=82&CATID=15

Peterson, M. ‘Intranet-based service delivery - making it work’. In: Electronic library, vol. 19, no. 1, p. 19-24 Available at:...
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