Reading and Vocabulary
Affixes refer to word parts that are attached at the beginning (prefix) or at the end (suffix) of a word. They change the meanings of the words they are attached to.
unavailability un - (prefix) + available (root word) + - ity (suffix)
interdependence inter- (prefix) + dependant (root word) + - ence (suffix)
|PREFIX |SUFFIX | |anti- |re- |-less |-ment | |non- |ir- |-ness |-ance | |pre- |im- |-ion |-able |
Please peruse Unit 1 of the textbook for further reference and exercises.
2. Contextual Clues
A contextual clue helps a reader guess meanings of particular words or phrases which may otherwise impair his / her understanding of important information. Applying contextual clues when reading is an important skill. The following are types of contextual clues:
• Definitions: the meanings of words are given in the sentences themselves
• Synonyms and Antonyms: words with the similar and opposite meanings respectively, are used in the same sentence / paragraph - these are compared
• Comparisons and Contrasts: comparisons show similarities, whereas contrasts show differences - the meanings of words are deduced through analyzing these
• Descriptions: the meanings of words are described in the sentence / paragraph
• Homographs: words that have the same spelling but differ in meanings or pronunciation are used in the reading text - these are compared