How the New Colonies Were Developed

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During the 1700s, English immigrants and explorers began settling in the Americas. They began developing the Chesapeake region, Middle Colonies, and the New England Colonies Out of these three, the New England and the Chesapeake Region were the largest. The Chesapeake Colony, which included Jamestown, Virginia, and New England Colonies, which included the Massachusetts Bay, were mostly settled for religious freedom, economic opportunities, and adventures. People began leaving their land because of poor economy/unemployment and the growing number of “landless” people in England. Both these colonies developed from Puritans. Although both colonies developed from the same people and reasons, they were developed very differently. The New England Colonies seemed like a better life style than that of the Chesapeake Region. They were better prepared and connected under governmental control and religiously. They transported full families, which made the population grow quicker. They came over with skilled individuals, like ministers, servants, tailors, and clothiers. In John Winthrop’s document, he states, “We must delight in each other, make others’ conditions our own, rejoice together, mourn together, labor and suffer together, always having before our eyes our commission and community in the work, our community as members of the same body” (Document A). Their community treated everyone equally and didn’t have much of a social ladder. “The eyes of all people are upon us, so that if we shall deal falsely with our God in this work we have undertaken, and so cause him to withdraw his present help from us, we shall be made a story and a by-word through the world” (Document A). As stated by Winthrop, their community was also very religiously centered and had a covenant with God. Some of their agreements and articles included making a church and abiding by God’s laws, having less apparent social distinctions, having equal share of land, and sharing all foods and fields with...
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