How Sociological Theories Impact the Family Institution

Topics: Sociology, Conflict theory, Structural functionalism Pages: 9 (2679 words) Published: May 1, 2013
How Sociological Theories Impact The Family Institution



Sociological theories are important in understanding how the society operates. In addition, the theories help one understand how people in the society relate with each other. The theories have helped understand various social issues in the society and made it easy to develop solutions to the problems. For instance, the sociological theories have helped understand crime and family issues in the society and solutions to the problems. There are different theories that are used to explain how the society operates and how people interact with each other. Examples of the theories include sociological theories, functionalism theories and conflict theory. Another theory is internationalism theory. The theories have helped examine different   institutions in the society and how they operate. The institutions include families, health care and education. The theories named above impact families in different ways as they are different. The theories affect the functioning of the family and interaction of family members.



Social conflict theory is social theory developed by Karl Marxist. The social conflict theory argues that people and groups in the society have different amount of material resources and non material resources. This has led to the creation of two social classes in the society. That is the poor and the wealthy. Conflict theories stress on social, political and material inequality of social group. The conflict theories focus on class conflict. Conflict theory is the opposite of functionalism.

The advocates of conflict theory believe that resentment and hostility are common in the society. Resentments and hostility cause people in the society to conflict. Moreover, the advocates believe that power difference between different social classes. Different people in the society have different powers and this causes conflict between different classes. People who have more powers oppress those who do not have any powers and these results to social conflict in the society. This is because the social classes have different interests. [pic]

The difference in interest has forced social interest groups in the society to fight over the scarce resources in the society. The interest groups fight to take advantage over other people in the society.  Powerful people in the society use two methods to exploit the less powerful. First, they use brute force to exploit the less powerful. Second, they use economics to exploit the less powerful in the society. Most of the social conflict theorists claim that money causes social disorder. They also believe that society is developed through continuous conflicts between different groups in the society (Teevan &Edward, 2005). [pic]

Advocates of social conflict theory claim that the society can only be understood well if it is viewed in terms of competition, but not a complex system. A society consists of different people who are competing for limited resources like money and leisure. The competition of resources in the society is reflected through large social structures and governments like governments. Some of the people in the society and organizations have more resources and use the resources to maintain their position in the society. For instance, they have power and influence which they use to maintain their positions by exploiting those who do not have the resources (Stephens &Leach, 1998).


The conflict theory was developed to show the shortcomings of the structural functionalism theory. The advocates of structural functionalism theory argue that the society focuses on stability instead of social change. They also believe that the society is not in constant conflict like the proponents of the conflict theory. The difference between conflict theory and structural functionalism theory has made conflict theory an ideal theory that can used to explain social...
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