Child neglect is one of the most common child maltreatment and also the critical and important issue facing our nation. Child abuse and neglect impacts the lives of thousands and millions of children and also affect families every day in the United States, and the victimization rate of children in the population is now becoming higher (Jones and Finkelhor, 2003). At the same time, the awareness of child abuse and neglect in the United States has increased along with the new research and evolving social standards of justice and treatment of children. On the other hand, still there is not always a good connection and relationship between services for early intervention and safeguarding, so that children’s need for protection may continue to go unnoticed (Gaudin, 2003). The abuse of children leaves a permanent trace, and early childhood trauma can cause a persistent occurrence of “mental disorders” in later life (Śpila, Makara, Kozak, & Urbańska, 2008). Thus, I believe that we, as a nation and as individuals, have the collective responsibility to promote strong and healthy families to ensure that there are adequate awareness and resources in place to prevent the mistreatment of children, thereby preventing neglect. To accomplish this, we must strengthen services that prevent child abuse and neglect and support children and families. And we must promote research, training, and public education to address the risk factors that can lead to child neglect and to foster the factors that protect against it.
First of all, we need to increase services to families such as home visiting, early childhood education, parent education, and family planning. Child neglect often occurs because parents are overwhelmed with an array of stressors, including the difficulties of coping with poverty and its many associated burdens, single parenthood, limited parenting skills, depression, substance abuse, interpersonal violence, not to mention the daily stressors all parents face (Gaudin,...
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