WHAT IS MANAGEMENT? 1
FUNCTIONS OF MANAGEMENT 2
THEORIES OF MANAGEMENT 5
• Scientific Management Theory
• Classical Management Theory
• Neo-Classical Theory
• Behavioural Science Approach
• Other Management Theories
This paper will explore the principles of management, the work of pioneers and founders of management and discuss whether they continue to impact on the modern day practice in construction, civil engineering and building services (referred to collectively as “the construction industry” throughout this paper). I will begin by attempting to define management.
What is management?
Simply put, management is about identifying and solving problems and ensuring that people do what they are supposed to do. It has been described by Henry Mintzberg as “a practice where art, science, and craft meet”. Management is an art because there are definite principles of management; it is a science because by the application of these principles, predetermined objectives can be achieved; and it is a craft because management is dynamic and not static and has to be fashioned to meet the realities of a particular situation. Early twentieth century management studies scholar Mary Parker Follet defined management as “the art of getting things done through people”. This definition highlights a key aspect of management, which is recognizing the role and importance of other people and shows that management is a group activity, concerned with group efforts and not individual activity. Another definition of management is that of Stanley Vance who describes management as simply “the process of decision making and control over the actions of human beings for the... [continues]
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(2010, 11). How Pioneers and Founders Principles Affect Modern Construction. StudyMode.com. Retrieved 11, 2010, from http://www.studymode.com/essays/How-Pioneers-And-Founders-Principles-Affect-488678.html
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