How Israel Was Reclaimed

Topics: Israel, Jerusalem, Judaism Pages: 2 (619 words) Published: May 15, 2013
The tribes of Israel inhabited the land of Israel from around 1200 BC during the period of Joshua and the judges. It is estimated that two million Jews lived in Judea and Samaria including west bank in 1000 BC. In 1000 BC King David established the Jewish kingdom of Judea with Jerusalem as its capital. There were approximately two million Jews living in Judea & Samaria (the area that in modern times became known as the “West Bank” of the Jordan River) with King David as overall leader. This area was at the centre of King David’s Kingdom. In 965 BC King Solomon began to build the first temple on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem which became the focal point of Jewish life forever and until today. In 586 BC the Babylonians destroyed the first temple and the whole of Jerusalem, after defeating the Jews. Most of the Jews were exiled to Babylon. Thus up to this point in time, the Jews inhabited, ruled and owned the Land of Israel, including Judea and Samaria, for over 600 years. In 538 BC the Jews were allowed to return to Jerusalem to rebuild the temple and this process began in 516 BC. Until 63 BC the area was controlled by the Greeks and the Romans but all the Jews were allowed to remain, so for nearly 450 years, in addition to the above 600 years, Judea & Samaria was inhabited by the Jewish people, whose population increased dramatically. In 63 BC Pompey, the Roman military leader, conquered Judea & Samaria including Jerusalem and brought this area under total Roman control. (The Roman rule lasted for 7 centuries until the Arab conquest which took place between 634 AD and 642 AD.) In 70 AD the Romans under Titus defeated the Jews living in Jerusalem, destroyed the city, occupied Jerusalem and destroyed the second temple. In 73 AD the collective suicide of all the Jewish defenders of Massada occurred. The Bar Kochba revolt of the Jews against Roman rule lasting 3 years was totally defeated by the Romans in 135 AD. Most of the remaining Jews were forced out of the Land...
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