Writing 123, Online
August 10, 2012
What is Autism?
Autism, also known as Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), is a developmental disability. It can cause many problems such as social, communication and behavioral challenges. People with autism process information differently in their brain than other people do. Although there are many different types of Autism, there are three that are more commonly seen currently. The first one is Autistic Disorder, also called classic autism. This is usually accompanied by substantial language delays, social and communication challenges, and odd behaviors and interests. The second is Asperger Syndrome. Asperger Syndrome is usually accompanied by some milder symptoms of autistic disorder. Although they may still have social challenges and odd or unusually interested and behaviors, they usually do not have any problems with language disabilities. The third is Pervasive Developmental disorder (PDD-NOS) or also called atypical autism. Most people that are diagnosed with PDD-NOS usually have fewer and much milder symptoms then the others. People that are diagnosed with PDD-NOS may only have challenges in social and communication areas. Although there are different types of autism, they all require the same attention to the signs and symptoms of them. Autism is usually detected in early childhood. It will appear in the first three years of life. Often the child will seem to be normal and then regress. Some parents have described it as their child use to talk and then all of a sudden they just stopped talking. There are also some parents that suspected something was not right for a long time and it didn’t become more obvious until around the fifteen to eighteen month stages. Not one child with autism is the same. It affects children and adults in so many different ways. Who does Autism affect?
Autism affects all types of people. It is not just seen in white children or African American children. Autism also affects adults as well. According to CDC (2008), 1 in every 88 children has some form of autism. Boys are four to five times more likely to have some form of autism than girls with statistics showing that 1 in every 55 boys have some form of autism, and only 1 in every 252 girls have some form of autism. According to a study led by a team of Toronto scientists, the reason males are more likely than females to develop autism is because of a specific genetic alteration on their X-chromosome, which causes them to have a higher risk for developing ASD. Some people suffer their entire life with this disorder, and some are able to overcome it and function as a normal person in a normal life. Since just fifteen years ago there have been so many more cases of autism that have been reported. Some people are constantly asking the question as to why there are so many more cases now than there were fifteen years ago. Most scientist answer with the fact that the definition of autism is much broader then it was fifteen years ago. It now covers a much wider range of disorders and symptoms that are so much more on the “spectrum” side. You can now have a child diagnosed with autism that has only a few of the symptoms, and also have a child diagnosed who has “full blown” autism. What I mean by “full blown” autism is someone that is completely dependent on their parents to help them through everyday life, people that have nervous break downs when the smallest part of their normal schedule is change. Some people will forever need the help of others to get them through the day to day activities of everyday life. According to the California researchers Hertz-Pizziotto and Lora Delwiche (2009), only 24 percent of the increase is from increased awareness of autism. Also 56 percent can be attributed to doctors diagnosing much milder cases of autism, and 120 percent of the increase can be affected by the changes in state...
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