How HIPPA Violations Affect the Medical Billing Process
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is the virus that causes Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome referred to as AIDS (Public Health Agency of Canada, 2010). Left untreated, HIV can damage the immune system that can lead to AIDS. When the initial diagnosis becomes established the patient has many adjustments to overcome. Feelings of shame, guilt, denial, depression, fear, anger and shock are the beginning of the ramifications one must face with HIV and AIDS. Other ramifications include social, legal, and ethical issues. Whereas a diagnosis of HIV does not mean that the patient has AIDS, a diagnosis does mean that the patient will be thrust into an overwhelming state of emotion and not knowing what to do next. Most people have a misconception regarding HIV and AIDS yet the disease is a pandemic issue that must be addressed. In the modern society of present-day most are unafraid of war and crisis partly because war and crisis are easier to understand than HIV. With the information available today the public is still afraid to embrace the problem and stand for the fight against the disease and the discriminations involved with the infected. Society in general is a discriminative society. The social repercussions of HIV are astounding. The HIV patient is prone to social isolation and discrimination consistent throughout society. Most people view the HIV patient with stigmatized eyes as a deviant part of society. One must be a drug addict, gay, or lady of the night to contract such an evil disease. With various explanations available the public does not want to understand what the public fears. Therefore, the patient subjected receives insurmountable areas of pain and abuse. A person who has the HIV virus may appear to be in good general health for years. During these years the HIV virus may infect the body’s defense system by attacking the T-cells of the blood. The T-cells are the cells that fight off infection and keep each individual immune from simple germs easily fought off with a healthy immune system. By reducing the T-cell count the immune system can not fight the simple invasive germs that can result in a lower immune system causing AIDS. One can not contract AIDS without acquiring the HIV virus. According to Nemours (2010), the HIV virus gains transmission through direct contact to the blood or from body fluid from someone who already has the HIV virus. Unprotected sex with an infected person, using dirty needle’s, or possibly from the transmission of the virus in vitro from mother to child, are common instances where the virus is conceived. Contrary to the beliefs of many persons in society, HIV is not spread through hugging, sharing a drinking glass, coughing and sneezing, mosquitoes, door knobs, toilet seats, or any casual contact. General education is necessary to inform the public that HIV and AIDS are not for the deviant. In fact, the socially inept are at the most risk. When viewed by ethnicity and race the picture becomes clear that the disease equates with African Americans more than any other ethnic group. The disease is not a discriminating disease. HIV can infect anyone yet the poor in America mainly consist of African Americans. The poor usually face barriers that most Americans do not have to contend with. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (2007), the barriers consist of insufficient medical treatment, a higher rate of sexually transmitted diseases, more illnesses, shorter survival times and more deaths because of lack of medical treatment. Although society may view the HIV patient with stigmatic eyes the medical industry is torn over when to disclose the information and when not to disclose. The first point of the HIV journey often occurs at the time a patient receives testing for the virus. When a patient receives testing for HIV and found positive the shock triggers a...
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