How Great Were Their Differences?
The Ancient Athenian and China dynasties were vastly different because of their population and form of government. The government of Athens was democracy with a diminutive population that could be ran by some people in the population, whereas in Han China was a bureaucracy with a greater population that was ran by non-elective government officials, citizens had no say in government. (Document 2)
The Ancient Athenian population was made up of fifty hundred free male citizens who were allowed to vote and control the government. Han China has 64,685,000 more people than Ancient Athens has. One hundred fifty thousand male and female non-citizens living in Athens are free people who aren’t allowed to vote, while slaves only made up 36% of the population (Document 2). In contrast, Han China has 131,000 government officials who control the government. In fact, government officials are the only people in Han China who are allowed to vote. This means that in Han China, government is ran by 3% of the population as opposed to Athens is ran by 15% of the population. Moreover, this means majority of the people in Han China are considered slaves while Athens are allowed to make free decisions and vote on what they want. Furthermore, over 93% of the populations are not even free, whereas, about 48% of the Athenian population was considered free.
The differences in population reflect the contrasting forms of government in the two societies. The city of Athens has a democratic form of government where a large portion of the free male population was allowed to participate in government. (Document 5) In addition, government was open to all free male citizens indifferent to their amount of income. In Athens, any member of the assembly was allowed to speak on anything in regards to making decisions whereas; in Han China only the emperor ministers had power to uphold government.