How far did the first five year plan differ from the second and third five year plans?
The first five year plan of1928-32 was created by Stalin for the ideological reason of rapid industrialisation and to boost the Russian economy to catch up with and protect from western cultures. While the second plan of 1933-37 and third year plan of 1938-41 stayed the more or less the same in their social outcomes and success/failures and their poor implementation but differed in the details of their priorities.
The priorities of the first five year plan differed significantly to those of the second of and third year plans, despite the priority of heavy industry continuing throughout them all. The priorities of the first year plan was to industrialise rapidly, due to fear of invasion and being as Stalin stated in 1931 being ‘crushed’ by the western cultures, due to attacks seen on communists in China and the British raid on the Soviet Union, both in 1927. Therefore the main priority was to focus on heavy industry and raising production of coal, steel, iron and oil. Another main priority was to abandon the NEP, introduced in 1924, in order to rid of the remaining capitalists in the country, such as the Nepmen and the bourgeoisie specialists who benefited from the system, which had become unpopular both within and outside the majority of the communist party. This created some social equality, of which whilst attempted lacked in the second and third year plans. This differed slightly from the second year plan in the way that its initial main priority was to re-establish production of consumer goods that had been lacking in the 1st Five year plan. However in 1933 this later changed back to heavy industry seen in the first plan and military spending in response to German rearmament. The first year plan differed majorly from the third year plan as this focused entirely on German rearmament for impending attack and became refined as it was focused on creating a war economy,...
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