How Does the Author Engage the Reader Through the Use of Literary Devices in Your Given Extract?

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How does the author engage the reader through the use of literary devices in your given extract?

The opening of the text suggests that there is an element of angst. The writer uses a range of lexis to pull our attention to the text. We can tell from the opening that this isn’t going to be a pleasant read. It uses words such as macabre and calcified, which gives a sense of disturbance to the story. Even though the writer makes it out that the described is dead and barren, it has a sense of unnerve and hysteria to it. It suggests the importance that night and day a very different to each other ‘’several hours ago, the night, routed by the dawn and fleeing in disorder’’, it’s as if the night is scared of what it will see if it waits up to watch the sun rise. There is a sense of abandonment ‘’since midday, not a single raptor has risen to hover above its prey’’ this place is deserted. Even the shepherds have disappeared, as if there is no life left on this land, apart from a couple of sentries who are ‘’crouched inside their rudimentary watchtowers’’, even they seem to be hiding. It places emphasis on the place being dead and desolated. We learn a little into the text that the place being described is Afghanistan. But as a reader we get the sense that Afghanistan is only a place of battle and death and dried rocks and sand. At night there is noise of the artillery exchanges and the howling of wolves. At night time everything is alive, but that doesn’t mean in a good way. At night there is grief in the air ‘’ and the wind, when it breathes, mingles beggars’ laments with the croaking of the crows’’. It describes the expanse of the land as charred and fossilized; there is nothing much to it but death and decay. This isn’t a place any one would like to be. It makes me as a reader feel depressed and somber. On this land the soil is dead. As we reach the foot of the mountain we have reached the city of Kabul or as the writer describes ‘’what’s left of it: a city in...
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