Shakespeare uses dramatic devices throughout the play particularly in this scene to make it interesting, exciting and important. His excellent choice of dramatic devices such as movement, tone, dramatic irony and characterisation creates an atmosphere that generally generates excitement and interest, especially in Act 3 scene 1.
The scene contains the general themes of the play. Love is shown when Mercutio treats Romeo almost as if he is his own brother to protect his honour. Hate when Mercutio and Tybalt both die when a feud between the two families erupts into a coldblooded brawl. Also fate, as when Romeo describes himself as a fortune’s fool, a helpless victim of the goddess Fortune, after he killed Tybalt. This moment is regarded as the turning point of the play.
Shakespeare uses different moods and atmosphere at the start of the scene. Benvolio at the beginning had no intention to start a fight, this warns us (the audience) of what’s to happen through the use of a pathetic fallacy, when the day is hot it stirs people into trouble. However, Mercutio who is the impudent, witty and arrogant boy wants to start a fight. His wittiness creates a fun mood from the start of the play by saying humorous things such as: “As soon moved to be moody- and as soon moody to be moved” This plays on the words ‘moved and moody’ which are directed at Benvolio, who appears to be annoyed with Mercutio as he is making fun of him. This builds tension and sets the whole mood of the scene as the audience don't know what will happen next, and if there will indeed be a fight or not.
Shakespeare allows himself to use dramatic effects when he changes the mood of the scene from humorous banter between Mercutio and Benvolio, to a more serious one when Tybalt enters, his hot temper and fiery personality quickly ends the fun mood. Shakespeare often changes the mood of a scene by introducing another character with a different personality. This technique is introduced at the very beginning of the play, when the two servants enter and talk in an innuendo style (like Mercutio in this scene) however this changes quickly when the enemy’s servants, the Montague, enters the scene. The atmosphere of the scene adapts to become serious leading to a fight.
The structure of Act 1 scene 1 is very similar to Act 3 scene 1, which is a way for Shakespeare to create dramatic effects and emphasise the scene to create more tension. This also allows the audience to remember that all of these brawls are due to the feud between the Capulet and Montague families.
The contrast in mood between Act 3 scene 1 and the previous scene Act 2 scene 6 is shown through the love between Romeo and Juliet and the hate that Mercutio had against Tybalt and vice versa. This involves us the audience as we might feel sympathy for Romeo as he has only just married Juliet. Romeo loves Juliet so is expected to feel the same towards Tybalt (her cousin) but yet hates him for killing his friend (who he treats as a brother). However, this also leads to the unfortunate banishment of Romeo. This effectively creates more tension within the audience and encourages us to think what will happen next, what will happen to Juliet and what does the future hold for them.
Shakespeare uses the effect of dramatic irony when Romeo marries Juliet without Tybalt knowing, this leaves him feeling frustrated and angry. This also happens to Mercutio making him feel like he is betrayed by Romeo for not fighting, which causes pressure between the three and eventually leads to a fight. During Shakespearean time the audience may have shouted out that Romeo and Juliet have already married because the audience would behaved differently at a play, now people are more behaved and let the play develops on its own.
Tybalt’s violence and anger for Romeo is due to the dishonour that Romeo causes to the Capulets, when he attends the ball without an invitation. In Shakespearean time a family’s honour is very...
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