Bryant & Stratton College
Phil 250: Practices in Analytic Reasoning and Critical Thinking Mrs. Lyons
June 6, 2011
How does Critical Thinking and Ethics affect Therapeutic Communication in the Treatment of Mental Health Patients?
An important component of treatment for the mental health patient is knowledgeable, therapeutic communication abilities. The mental health patient is not physically sick, but is generally considered sick in his or her way of thinking. Therefore, the way a nurse communicates to this particular patient is important to the health and treatment of the patient. How does critical thinking and ethics affect therapeutic communication in the treatment of mental health patients? Critical thinking is a vital skill when communicating with the patient. The mental health patient will need therapeutic communication that incorporates open ended questions, observed behaviors, reflection, neutral responses, rephrasing and focusing. (Lhynnelli, 2110). As with any nursing intervention, the process involves assessments, documentation, planning and treatments. The therapeutic communication should be based on scientific rationale, evidence based standards, and practice guidelines in order to foster behavioral changes, emotional stability, and wellness. Critical thinking is achieved when communication involves not only taking into consideration the implications of the communication, but also the patients point of view, the information received, purpose of the information, assumptions, the issues at hand, and the conclusions and assumptions of the communication.(Heaslip,1999). Treatment of the mental health patient will involve ethical issues that must be considered at times. Confidentiality is an issue that is addressed in the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. (HIPAA). This law maintains that all...