In 1932, after a coup d’état took place by middle ranking military officers; the absolute monarchy of Thailand was finally replaced by constitutional monarchy. Since then, Thailand undergoes lots of changes of the government and instabilities, there are countless coups and counters coups shifting back and forth among the government and authoritarian rule. Luckily, with the role of monarchy, these coups are tamed and the King helped stabilizing the whole country from being chaotic. In this paper, we are going to discuss about the influences of Thai monarchy, particularly about King Bhunmibol, how he helped shaping Thai society and why he is welcomed and favored by his people (Emeritus & Suchit, n.d.). Unlike the absolute monarchy, in constitutional monarchy, the King is the Head of State whose main responsibilities are to pass the bills by the legislature, appoints the prime minister to help advice the legislature and appoints cabinet ministers and high ranking government to advice the prime minister. Furthermore, as a Buddhist State, the King is also responsible to appoint the Buddhist supreme monks. Additionally, HRH is also responsible to dictate honor to officials and grant pardon to those that convicted crimes or offend His Royal Highness. However, the King does not have any role in decision making as in absolute monarchy; it is the Prime Minister that has the responsible over the symbolic functions that the King performs. Yet, we cannot overlook the influence that king has over each military affairs; although HRH he is constitutionally limited. Bhumipol Adulyadej, the head of the state of Thailand, reported as the most outstanding figure in Thai country. Many books have been written about his life time and his great achievement. At the same time, many doubts come to question, raised up with no clear boundaries answer. Why so many Thai people love and respect this Monarchy so much? What have shaped their feeling? No one can give the best reason to these questions; however, to Thai people, he was the father of the country who never gets tired of taking care of his own people. II.
Was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts in the United States of America at Mount Auburn Hospital at 8.45am in 1927 on Monday 5th December, His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej was the third child and second son of His Royal Highnesses Prince Mahidol of Songkla and Her Majesty Mohm Sangval Chookramol. King Bhumibol’s father, H.R.H. Prince Mahidol, is no doubt the Father of Modern Thai Medical Profession. All through his life, he has devoted to countless development of modern Thai ideas, especially in the modern science and public health. Unfortunately, King Bhumibol’s father deceased in his very young age as a result of kidney failure. After the death of his father, King Bhumibol and his mother, H.R.H. Mohm Sangval Chookramol decide to go to Switzerland where they can enjoy their “normal” life and where His Majesty King Bhumibol continues his secondary and university studies. Surprisingly, King Ananda Mahidol was assasinated in Bangkok on the 9th of June 1946. After the death of his brother, a life changing experience has happened to King Bhumibol life. Since then, in order to equip himself with the knowledge of the Thai government and politics, he has to drop his study in the field of Science in Lausanne University and decided to study in the field of Political Science and Law instead. Later in 1949, King Bhumibol fell in love and got engage with Mom Rajawong Sirikit Kitiyakara, and they got married a year after that. After becoming H.M. Queen Sirikit, she has devoted most of her life to assist her Sovereign Husband, her family, so as the coutry. After his marriage, H.R.H. King Bhumibol and H.M.Queen Sirikit have four children namely, Her Royal Highness Princess Ubol Ratana, His Royal Highness Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn, Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn and Her Royal Highness Princess...
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