a) Matthew Perry – he was an American warship Commodore who in 1854 sailed to Japan and presented letter to the Japanese from the US president asking that Japan open its ports to trade. Impressed by the American show of the strength, the shogun agreed to the Treaty of Kanagawa, ending his country’s long period of isolation. b) Treaty of Kanagawa – the shogun agreed to open two Japanese ports to American ships. The US soon won other trading rights with Japan. In time Great Britain, France and Russia gained similar trading rights. c) Meiji Restoration – the period from 1868 to 1912. Meijii means “enlightened rule”. In 1867 the Tokugawa shogun was removed from power. In 1868 the emperor was established as the leader of Japan. During this the emperor and his advisors implemented a serried of reforms that changed Japan forever. d) Sino-Japanese War – The conflict which lasted from 1894 to 1895. In 1894 Japan’s territorial ambitions in Korea led to war with China. Japan quickly won, gaining Formosa (later Taiwan)and treaty ports in China from the Chinese. Japan later made Korea Japanese protectorate. e) Russo-Japanese War – from 1904 to 1905 Japan fought with Russia after the interest of the two nations conflicted in Korea. Japan’s modern military defeated Russian troops and crushed Russia’s navy. By the 1910, Japan had complete control of Korea as well as parts of Manchuria. Answer:
1. What effects did the visit of Commodore Perry and the Treaty of Kanagawa have on Japan's development? * Japan ended its policy of isolation; * Japan began a period of modernization and industrialization; * Japan became a global imperial power.2. How did life in Japan change during and after the Meiji Restoration?| ?|
a) political changes – Mejii reformers wanted to create a strong central government. They chose the government...