How did Industrialisation Benefit Russia?
What Is Industrialisation?
Industrialisation is a process of social and economic change where a human society is transformed from pre-industrial to industrial. This social and economic change is closely entwined with technological improvement, particularly the development of large-scale energy production.
What were Stalin’s industrial policies?
The GOSPLAN was an organisation that was set up to control what had to be achieved. GOSPLAN set up the overall targets for an industry and each region was told its targets. Then the region would set targets for each mine, factory etc. The manager of the mine/factory would set targets for each foreman and then, finally, the foreman would set targets for each shift and even for an individual worker.
The Five Year Plans
Stalin introduced the Five Year Plans in 1928. The Five year plans brought all industry under government control and all industrial development was planned by the government. The government decided what would be produced, how much would be produced and where it should be produced. An organisation called GOSPLAN was created to plan all this out. The first five year plan was from 1928 to 1932. The second five year plan was from 1933 to 1937. The third five year plan was from 1938 to 1941 when the war stopped it. Each plan set a target which industries had to meet. Each factory was set a target which it had to meet. The targets were very hard to meet, most of the targets were not met, however some were and vast improvements were made. The policies had their eyes set on improving output from heavy industries such as coal, oil, iron and steel and electricity.
35 million tons
64 million tons (75 million tons target)
128 million tons (152 million tons) Oil
12 million tons
21 million tons (22 million tons target)
29 million tons (47 million tons target) Iron Ore
5 million tons
12 million tons (19 million tons target)
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