How democratic were the two koreas in 1980s

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How democratic were the two koreas in 1980s

By | Jan. 2013
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How democratic was the two Koreas in the 1980s?

Contents

Introduction

South Korea:
The Kwangju Incident
Fifth Republic
The rule of Roh Tae-woo

North Korea:
The Economic Hardships
“Terrorist Country”
Lack of resources
Next decade

Introduction
In my essay I’ll be talking about the democratisation movement in South Korea, the efforts of modernisation in North Korea, economic growth in both Koreas in 1980s, and then compare which country was ruled better. But firstly an explanation of the definition of democratisation; democratisation is an introductory of democratic system or democratic principles, in other words, make politics accessible to everyone and let all citizens vote for the new leader. Most countries nowadays are democratic apart from some countries in Central Asia and Africa.

South Korea

The Kwangju Incident
Chun Doo-hwan wanted to conduct a revolution and seize the whole power in South Korea, starting with the military power. With help of Roh Tae-woo, he “forced out of power the army’s chief of staff.” In April 1980, the student protest started against Chun’s rule, the Yushin system, and martial law. All this was a result of Chun’s seizure of Korean Central Intelligence Agency. He declared the martial law across the state, shut down all universities and colleges and prohibited all political activities. In May between 19th and 22nd, about 200,000 civilians launched a protest against Chun’s rule, by occupying police stations and the government offices. Then later, on May 27th, he brutally suppressed the revolt. The unofficial count of deaths is said to be around 2300. After the Kwangju the Fifth Republic and a new constitution were formed.

Fifth Republic
After Chun’s indirect election for a president on a seven-year term, the martial law was withdrawn, and the presidential power replaced the military power in order to stabilise the country. The government promised economic growth and the raise of justice in the new...