How Corporate America Is Betraying Women

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How Corporate America is Betraying Women
Goalee Xiong
Metropolitan State University

Forty years ago, the Civil Rights Act made discrimination on the basis of sex illegal, studies show that women, practically across all job categories, are still paid less for doing the very same job as men. The threat of a sex-discrimination case has become one of corporate America's worst nightmare and many experts expect the number of suits to increase dramatically; especially since the changes in civil rights legislation enacted in 1991 has made it easier for women to file sex discrimination charges. According to Hilary Lips, a Radford University psychology professor who has studied the pay gap found that only jobs that pay $25,000 to $30,000 a year do men and women earn approximately the same. However, the further up the pay scale and the higher the education, the wider the pay gap. Lips say that there is no other explanation; except that people think what men do is more important and more valuable than what women do.

How Corporate America is Betraying Women
Forty years ago, women's biggest struggle was simply to get access to the workplace, but that has changed when the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was enacted. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 made it illegal for employers to discriminate on the basis of race, creed, and sex. From this the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) arose and it required that any company with 100 or more employees file annual accounts of how many are women and minorities it had within all levels of the organization. Even so, female employees that brought up a $72.5 million class-action lawsuit had asserted that the company paid them less than men and they did not get promoted as quickly as men. These women are bringing these cases and are winning because the evidence is overwhelming on their side.

In 1971, according to the New York Times, EECO looked into the automakers, oil...
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