How Chemistry Applies to Personal Care

Topics: Cosmetics, Personal care, Wax Pages: 3 (876 words) Published: March 7, 2013
Personal Care
period 4
Michelle Manobanda

The FDA permits the use of mercury compounds in eye makeup at concentrations up to 65 parts per million. The preservative thimerosol, found in some mascaras, is a mercury-containing product. Mercury is associated with a host of health concerns including allergic reactions, skin irritation, toxicity, neurological damage, bioacculumation, and environmental damage. Mercury readily passes into the body through the skin, so normal use of the product results in exposure. Toluene is found in nail polish and hair dye as a solvent, to improve adhesion, and to add gloss. Formaldehyde is used as a disinfectant and preservative in a variety of products, such as nail polish, soap, deodorant, shaving cream, eyelash adhesive and shampoo. Many fragrances are toxic. Some of these fragrances may be phthalates, which can act as obesogens (cause obesity) and may otherwise disrupt normal endocrine function, including reproductive health. Lead is found in other cosmetics, including children's Halloween face paitning. The Campaign for Safe Cosmetics has released a report describing the metals they found in common Halloween face paint products. All of the face paints that they tested contained lead, which is toxic in any amount and can cause permanent developmental problems. 40% of the products contained nickel, 20% tested positive for cobalt, and half contained chromium.

The Personal Care industry holds a variety of products, including fragrances; make up, hair care and coloring products, sunscreen, toothpaste, products for bathing, nail care, and shaving. The Industry overlaps with other markets like chemical, health care, and petroleum. Propylene glycol, come from petroleum products, which is just as important. Women’s beauty products grow at about seven times the rate of the global cosmetics market. The world sun care market is expected to reach almost $9 billion in 2015. Sun protection represents the largest...
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