Table of Contents
1.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY .... 3
2.INTRODUCTION .. 4 2.1Definition and Nature of OHS . . 4 2.2Background and development of OHS ........................................................................ 4 2.3 Effects of OHS Over The Workplace and Employment .4
3.OHS LEGISLATION AND CERTIFICATION . 5
4. EMPLOYEE PARTICIPATION IN OHS ....................... 7 4.1The Robens Committee Recommendations 7 4.2The impact of employee participation in the management of OHS ...8 4.2.1 Improvements in psycho-social and Organisational Development 8 4.2.2 Productivity and Efficiency Gains ..9 4.2.3 Ethical and Legal Imperatives .10
5.OHS IN MALAYSIA ....................... 10 5.1Background and development of OHS in Malaysia 10 5.2A brief study of Employee Participation in OHS Practices in Malaysia Kualiti Alam Sdn Bhd ..11
6.CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS . 12
7. BIBLIOGRAPHY & REFERENCES 14
This seminar paper discussed how employee involvement can contribute to improvement of occupational health and safety in workplace. The continuous development of technology since the industrial revolution has created hazards in workplaces endangers the health and safety of the work force. Employers and employees need to recognize these changes and work together to promote the health and safety of everyone at work and of other people in or around places of work. Employee participation in OHS management may be operationally defined in any number of ways. The key requirement is that employees have input into OHS considerations, and that the input is meaningful, valued, and can affect policies and practices. Many OHS professionals have identified employee participation as the variable essential to successful OHS management and illness / injury reduction. The justifications for employee participation in OHS management can be broadly separated into three major categories: i)Potential improvements in psycho-social and organisational development, ii)Potential productivity and efficiency gains, and
iii)Ethical and legal imperatives.
The importance of employee involvement in OHS practice is illustrated via a case study on a company in Malaysia embarked in the process of implementing OHSAS 18001 certification.
It is certain that employee participation and involvement in the field of OHS has a positive effect. Maximisation of effectiveness could be achieved through recommendations outlined in this report. Most importantly the success of employee participation initiative rests upon the tangible commitment of both management and employee, barring in mind the range of factors considered to improve the effectiveness of employee participation is relatively narrow, and there is a high degree of consensus regarding the most salient influences which warrant a need for further detailed research and study into the effectiveness of employee participation and consultation in OHS.
2.1Definition and Nature of Occupational Health and Safety (OHS)
One of the areas of employment which received increased attention over recent years is occupational health and safety (OHS), which deals with the physiological / physical and psychological conditions of an organisation's workforce that results from the work environment provided by the organization. It refers to the promotion and maintenance of physical and psychological well-being of workers and the prevention of any departure of this objective. Thus, it seeks to prevent accidents and diseases by ensuring that workplaces are free from hazardous conditions....