How Ancient Greek, Roman, Judaic, and Christian Philosophy and Law Shaped the Democratic Development of the United States of America

Topics: Ancient Rome, Roman Republic, Roman Empire Pages: 2 (770 words) Published: September 20, 2012
Ancient Greek, Roman, Judaic, and Christian philosophy and law have shaped the democratic development of the United States of America. The ancient Greeks first had the idea of a democracy, or government by the people, which contributed to the democratic development of the United States. The ancient Romans set up a new government called a republic, in which the people chose some government officials, this also contributed to the democratic development of the United States. The ancient Israelites (Ancient Judaic People) came up with the idea of universally accepted moral and ethical principles backed up by a system of justice, which is a concept shown in the United States government today. Ancient Christian philosophy exhibits moral and ethical principles such as justice which contributed to the democratic development of the United States. This paper will further examine how each of these ancient cultures contributed their philosophies and laws to shape the democratic development of the United States. The ancient Greeks first had the idea of a democracy, or government by the people. Democracy first took root in a Greek city-state called Athens which was an aristocracy at first (Page 10, P.1). However, Athens moved towards a democracy because of citizens’ discontent with the current government (Page 10, P. 2). One Athenian tyrant named Cleisthenes made his assembly a genuine legislature, which is an idea that the United States government uses today (Page 11, P. 1). Another idea that the United States government got from the ancient Greeks is the idea of a jury, which is a panel of citizens who have the authority to make the final judgment in a trial (Page 13, P. 1). This is how the ancient Greeks contributed to the democratic development of the United States, other aspects of our government were adopted from yet another civilization, the ancient Romans. The ancient Romans set up a new government called a republic, in which the people chose some government...
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