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How America Won Its Independence

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How America Won Its Independence

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American History
10/12/11

How the U.S Was Won
America is known as the land of the free, and home of the brave, but that was not always the terms of its existence. America started off like any other country, poor, in debt, and under another countries rule. Luckily, the country that they were under was Great Britain, who underestimated the power of the fight for freedom. The U.S got their independence because of the colony structure, the French support, and their passion for liberty.

The American colonists first landed in Virginia, and from there they spread southwards and northwards over time. The British could not control all of the colonies at the same time. The colonies in the north began resisting taxes and mercantilism, and the southern states, which had more natural resources. When the war started, this spread out colony system helped them to overwhelm the British. After major cities like Charleston, New York, Boston, or Philadelphia were captured, the War kept on since the Americans were not centralized, and there was no capital at that time. The size of the colonies played a role in the British defeat as well, as the British had to simultaneously fight a war and occupy the colonies to suppress the rebellion. They could easily fight the war, but not garrison troops, because of the widespread “fire” of patriotism. The British couldn't conduct suppression operations the same way they did in places like Ireland and Scotland, because doing so would mean that the British would lose the support of the loyalists called Tories. They desperately needed to maintain a relationship with some Americans to ensure that they had any chance at all of winning the War. The French and the British were sworn enemies, and had been involved in many wars together, the French had come out on the losing side on almost all of them, the most recent was the 7 Years War. The Americans got a great deal of encouragement, supplies, and eventually military support from...