“Houston, we have three heroes”
Once a group is formed, it continues to grow and develop over time. According to Bruce Tuckman, there are four stages of group development; forming, storming, norming, and performing. To give an example of each stage, the film Apollo 13 is a great example. Any group who puts to use these four stages will accomplish a lot more than one man. At the start of the film the group is training and preparing for their launch to walk on the moon. Forming is a period characterized by anxiety and uncertainty about belonging to the group. One important obstacle that occurred was that one of the group members Ken Mattingly had been exposed to German measles, he had no immunity to the disease, but NASA did not want to chance him falling ill during any critical phases of the flight. Jack Swigert was originally part of the backup crew for the mission. He was assigned just three days before the mission to replace Ken Mattingly due to the measles issue, all that training, preparing for the launch and time together to bring in a bachelor who was a rookie, which did not sit well at all with the other members, not knowing if he would be able to do things properly with his inexperience. Certain with all this energy around I’m sure there was a lot of doubt, anxiety, and uncertainty going around about belonging to the group. Storming is the next stage in the group development stages. Storming is the competition, individuality, and conflict emerges as group members try to satisfy their individual needs. An example of storming would be the replacement of Ken Mattingly. It brought a lot of competition between them, because Ken felt he had more knowledge and experience and was more qualified than Jack. To find the norming stage in this film was without difficulty. Norming is characterized by attempts to resolve earlier conflicts, often by negotiating clear guidelines for the group. When they launched into space...
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