The Department of Housing and Urban Development
Bethany L Schultz
Central Michigan University
The History and Mission of the Department of Housing and Urban Development The Housing Act of 1937, also known as the Wagner-Seagull Act. The Act provides subsidies paid from the U.S. government to local public housing agencies. The purpose is to improve living conditions for low income families (The Housing Act of 1937, 2011). According to writes D. Bradford Hunt, historians miss-understood the intent of the Housing Act of 1937. The Act was known to be the housing program comprised by amendments originating from real estate and conservative interests. Rather the 1937 Housing Act should be considered as a Progressive bill that maintained quite well in the legislative process (Hunt, 2005). The Housing Act of 1937 was developed out of the National Housing Act of 1934, which created the Federal Housing Administration. The primary lead in the developments was Catherine Bauer; she drafted most of the legislation, also served as Director in the U.S. Housing Authority. The purpose of the Housing Authority was to aid the control of payment subsidies (Wurster, 1934). Catherine Bauer, a well-known member of group of idealists, known as “housers”. Their commitment was to improve housing for the low income families. She significantly influenced the concept of social housing in the US and inspired others to pursue the need of public housing (Wurster, 1934). Legislators, Henry B. Steagall, Democrat of Alabama and Senator Robert F. Wagener, Democrat from New York introduced the legislation. The year of 1965 the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) was established in an effort to re-organize the Public Housing Administration (US Housing Authority) and the House and Home Financing Agency. The Department of HUD is found in Public Law 89-174. HUD is a cabinet level department in the Executive branch of the US federal government, founded under President Lyndon Johnson. The purpose was to develop and execute policies on housing and metropolises (US Government, 2011).
The mission of HUD is to create a strong, sustainability, inclusive communities and quality affordable homes for all. HUD implements their mission by working to strengthen the housing market to bolster the economy and protect consumers. Meet the need for affordable rental homes. Utilize housing as a way to improve quality of life, build inclusive and sustainable communities free from discrimination. History Highlights and Key Statues
1934National Housing ActPL 73-479
1937US Housing ActPL75-412
1965HUD as cabinet level agencyPL-89-117
1966First HUD secretary, Robert Weaver
1968Civil Rights Act of 1968/gave HUD enforcement responsibilityPL90-284 1974HCD Act consolidated into CDBG, Section 8 more optionsPL93-383 1979Inflation hits-19%
1987Stewart B. McKinney Act-help for the homelessPL 100-77,100-688 1988Housing Vouchers Permanent ProgramPL 100-242
1998HUD opens Enforcement Center to take action against who violate laws and regulations Congress approves Public Housing reforms to reduce segregation by race and income, encourage and reward work, bring more working families into public housing, and increase the availability of subsidized housing for very poor familiesPL 105-276 (Title V) 2000 America's homeownership new record-high of 67.7, 71.6 million American families own their homes - more than at any time in American history 2009Shaun Donovan was sworn in as the 15th Secretary of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
HUD’s rulemaking and adjudication are controlled by the enabling statue or the federal or state administrative procedures act.
Laws are enacted by Congress, regulations created by HUD to achieve the result of the prescribed laws and Policy Memoranda addresses specific instances and questions....