The government of the United States is made up of three branches: the executive branch, judicial branch, and the legislative branch. The legislative branch, called Congress, is responsible for making laws. Congress is made of two houses; the Senate and the House of Representatives. Although they have many differences, they share some similarities too.
There are many differences between the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Vice President of the United States is the leader in the Senate. He is required to cast a vote when the Senate encounters a tie. On the other hand, the Speaker of the House is the head of the House of Representatives. The Speaker of the House is chosen when the representatives vote and elect him or her.
Another difference is that the Senate is composed of 100 senators, two from each state. The House of Representatives, however, is made up of 435 representatives. The number of representatives each state receives is determined by that state’s population. A third difference would be the fact that each serves different term lengths. A member from the Senate serves a six year term, while a member from the House of Representatives serves a two year term.
There are also similarities between the two. For example, both houses are made up of men and women. Both houses work towards one big, main goal: to create, discuss, debate, and vote upon bills. Before the President can sign a bill into law, it must first receive a majority vote by both the Senate and the House of Representatives.
It is a fact that the Senate and the House of Representatives are two completely different houses. It is also proven that both houses are needed to work together to benefit America and its people.