REFORMS OF THE HOUSE OF LORDS AND COMMONS.
Over the years, there has been a lot of problem over the very fact that the house of lords are not elected and are relatively independent of party and contains members with particular skills, expertise and interest in this kind of activities which in turn has created tensions between the commons which is a legitimate elected body, regarding their function, performances and their composition. But if we take parliament to be a collaborative set of processes in which both houses are involved it seems inappropriate to consider one house separate from the other. Perhaps this explains why the processes of reforms over the years has been a very difficult issue tackling. Reforms of electoral system
The hereditary House of Lords was widely perceived as undemocratic. The present mixture of hereditary and appointed members was intended as an improvement, but some people think it is even worse because it gives too much power to the Prime Minister of the day. It remains hard to reach a consensus on what to do about the House of Lords. http://stvaction.org.uk/house_of_lords_reform This is seemingly the simplest and most democratic option, leaving us to be governed by the fully elected House of Commons, but it would be desirable to improve the Commons’ power to scrutinise Government legislation, perhaps by increasing the powers of cross-party committees. To avoid the risk of an elected dictatorship, it would also be essential to curb the power of the Commons to prolong the life of Parliament without elections * Introduction
* Electoral system in general – how it was before
* Reforms of the house of commons – pros and cons
* Reforms of the house of lords – pros and cons
* What problems have been encountered reforming them separately * Why will one without the other create problem
* Possible solutions
Sources and outline
Electoral reform is change in electoral systems to improve how public desires are expressed in election results. That can include reforms of: * Voting systems, such as proportional representation, a two-round system (runoff voting), instant-runoff voting, Instant Round Robin Voting called Condorcet Voting, approval voting, citizen initiatives and referendums and recall elections. House of lords( stilll edit just info)
* For almost a century, governments in the United Kingdom have attempted to find a way to undertake a comprehensive reform of the House of Lords, which is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. This process was started by the Parliament Act 1911 introduced by the then Liberal Government which stated: “
| ...whereas it is intended to substitute for the House of Lords as it at present exists a Second Chamber constituted on a popular instead of hereditary basis, but such substitution cannot be immediately brought into operation from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reform_of_the_House_of_LordsWhen the Labour Party came to power in the 1997 general election, it had in its manifesto the promise to reform the House of Lords: “
| The House of Lords must be reformed. As an initial, self-contained reform, not dependent on further reform in the future, the right of hereditary Peers to sit and vote in the House of Lords will be ended by statute...
| On 7 November 2001 the government undertook a public consultation. This helped to create an unprecedented public debate on the issue of Lords reform, with 1101 consultation responses and numerous debates in Parliament and the media. Despite this huge level of interest in the issue, and a second public consultation, no consensus on the future of the upper chamber has yet emerged. This has caused Coalition promises "to bring forward proposals for a wholly or mainly elected upper chamber on the basis of proportional representation" to spark contentious debate. *...
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