Travel and tourism is a booming industry today. Technology has connected cities and destinations across different countries and brought them closer. The number of people traveling across different places has increased. Now, whether on a business trip or vacationing with family, everybody needs a place to stay and unwind. But it can be a pain in the neck sometimes getting the information about the hotels that suit your budget and then getting bookings done. Online Hotel Reservations are becoming popular method for booking hotel rooms. Travelers can book rooms from home via their home computer by using online security to protect their privacy and financial information and by using several online travel agents to compare prices and facilities at different hotels. Prior to the internet, travelers could write, telephone the hotel directly or use a travel agent to make a reservation. Nowadays, online travel agents have pictures of hotels and rooms, information on prices and deals, and even information on local resorts. Many also allow reviews of the traveler to be recorded with the online travel agent. Online reservations are also helpful for making last minute travel arrangements. Hotels may drop the price of a room if some rooms are still available. There are several websites that specialize in searches for deals on rooms. Large hotel chains typically have direct connections to the airline national distribution systems (GDS) (Sabre, Galileo, Amadeus, and Worldspan). These in turn provide hotel information directly to the hundreds of thousands of travel agents that align themselves with one of these systems. Individual hotels and small hotel chains often cannot afford the expense of these direct connections and turn to other companies to provide the connections.
Several large online travel sites are, in effect, travel agencies. These sites send the hotels' information and rates downstream to literally thousands of online travel sites, most of which act as travel agents. They can then receive commission payments from the hotels for any business booked on their websites. People can book directly on an individual hotel's website. An increasing number of hotels are building their own websites to allow them to market their hotels directly to consumers. Non-franchise chain hotels require a "booking engine" application to be attached to their website to permit people to book rooms in real time. One advantage of booking with the hotel directly is the use of the hotel's full cancellation policy as well as not needing a deposit in most situations. To improve the likelihood of filling rooms, hotels tend to use several of the above systems. The content on many hotel reservation systems is becoming increasingly similar as more hotels sign up to all the sites. Companies thus have to either rely on specially negotiated rates with the hotels and hotel chains or trust in the influence of search engine rankings to draw in customers. The ultimate service provided by these companies to the hotels and the online consumer is that they provide a single database from which all reservation sources draw immediate room availability and rates. It is very important that hotels integrate with all the supply channels so that their guests are able to make accurate online bookings. There are many ways of making the online reservation; most of the online reservation systems use the centralized GDS system for making the reservation with the hotel directly. Examples of the GDS are Sabre, WorldSpan, Travelport. The online hotel reservation through GDS is just the tentative reservation, means that you do not need to pay at the time of reservation, instead pay at the time of check in or check out.
1.2 PROBLEM STATEMENT
Traditionally, travelers plans and looks for a hotel according to the location, price or whatever their criteria are and then decides the hotel, then he makes a reservation by telephone, fax, internet, or mail, or just through...