Horatio Gates

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A Forgotten Revolutionary Hero

Horatio Gates

Horatio Gates was a British native that became an American general during the Revolutionary War.[1] He was given credit for the greatest victory during the war. Without him, the New England colonies would not be part of the United States.[2] Because of “his” victory, it turned the tide of victory in the revolution. His career as a general all went wrong after he lost a battle.

Horatio Lloyd Gates was born in 1728 in Maldon, Essex, England and died April 10, 1806, in New York.[3] He married Elizabeth Phillips and later had a son, Robert.[4] He first served in America during the French and Indian War. He served alongside with the unfortunate General Braddock. He also served with Thomas Gage, Charles Lee, and George Washington.[5] He returned to England after the victory of the British. Gates later resigned as a Major General and moved to Virginia.[6]

When Gates was in Virginia, he was appointed Adjutant General of the Continental Army. He used his administrative skills as an Adjutant General, but when he was promoted to Major General, he became the Commander of the Northern Department, replacing Schuyler.[7] He was appointed Commander of the Northern Department in time for the Battle of Saratoga.[8] In the two battles of Saratoga, “Gates” forced the surrender of General Burgoyne. Gates really was not the reason why Burgoyne surrendered. It was because the previous tactics of Schuyler and the initiatives of Benedict Arnold.[9] After the victory, Gates tried to make the most of the “political return on his victory, since Washington was having very little success with the main army.” (Biography Base)[10] The victory meant the turning of tides in the war. It also meant that New England would not be separated from the rest of the colonies.[11] Because of this victory, Congress elected Gates as President of the Board of War. At the same time, a group of officers became involved with a plan to replace General...
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