Hong Kong Population

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Po Leung Kuk Choi Kai Yau School
2012-2013 Year 8 Extended Essay

Hong Kong’s Population is expected to grow from just over 7 million today to nearly 9 million in the next 30 years. What problems and opportunities might this create for Hong Kong?

Name: Arthur Chow
Class: 8F (6)
Supervisor: Mr. Richard Millham

Hong Kong’s Population is expected to grow from just over 7 million today to nearly 9 million in the next 30 years. What problems and opportunities might this create for Hong Kong? Hong Kong is one of the cities that has the highest density in the world, its population is increasing rapidly through the years and is expected to grow from a rate of 7 million today to nearly 9 million in the next 30 years. There are many different problems created by the increase in population, which includes ageing problems, lack of public facilities and environmental pollution problems. But on the other hand, it also causes a few opportunities for Hong Kong, such as improving the economic growth and more people working, leading to better products in society.

Hong Kong is a densely populated city and its population increase is mainly due to immigration. It is a major destination for tourists and business visitors. In 2011, passenger arrivals and departures totaled 253 Million. People around the world who possess special skills and knowledge come to Hong Kong to live, work and study here. In addition, non- Hong Kong citizens giving birth in Hong Kong is also a main factor for the population boom especially the mainlanders, they come due to the restrictions of birth in Mainland China. More people moved here for higher living standards, in terms of social security, living environment and freedom which caused the population to increase, resulting in different problems and issues.

Firstly, environmental problems are one of the main challenges that Hong Kong needs to face. Municipal Solid Waste is waste that comes from domestic, commercial and industrial...
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