Hong Kong and China developed rapidly in the second half of the 20th century. Hong Kong had a close relation with the mainland China whether in political, economic or social aspects. There were many cooperation and interaction between Hong Kong and mainland China. Therefore, the developments of China affect the political, social and economic developments of Hong Kong.
On political aspect, the developments of China brought the political and institutional changes to Hong Kong. It also led to political movements in Hong Kong. Firstly, in1967 during the Cultural Revolution, the1967Riots broke out in Hong Kong. As this was coincident with the ‘Cultural Revolution’ on the mainland, people were very much influenced by left-wing ideology, and the Hong Kong and Committee for Anti-Hong Kong British Prosecution Struggle was set up. A large-scale riot resulted, and was suppressed by force in December and the government had learnt a lesson. After the riots, the government became more active in improving the daily lives of the common people and greatly expanded the scope of public services and social welfare.
Secondly, in1989 the June 4th Incident in China led to Hong Kong people had a higher concern to the politic and demanded democracy. In1989, the actors and singers of Hong Kong established ‘Concert For Democracy In China’ in Happy Valley Racecourse to raise the money to support the demonstrating students. After that thousands of people in Hong Kong took to the streets to support the demonstrating students in Beijing.
Third, since 1980s,Chinese government started to negotiate with Britain on the Question of Hong Kong. After several rounds of negotiation, the Sino-British Joint Declaration was signed in 1984, which started that China would resume the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong on 1...