Homework Module 5
Grand Canyon University
December 9, 2012
Dr. Kendall Morris
All patients are entitled to receive safe and appropriate nursing care. They are entitled to receive care from a competent and knowledgeable nurse. Patients are entitled to receive competent and safe care including receiving the correct medications. The five rights are right patient, right drug, right dose, right route and right time. The purpose of the five is to make sure the patients safety is first and foremost. It is to make sure that the healthcare worker is using all means necessary to make sure the right patient is getting the right medication with the right amount via the right method at the right time. It is to decrease the possibility of the patient getting wrong meds (Nurse Neighborhood, 2012) 2.
There are several methods of drug administration. They are: oral which is by mouth, its effect is slower and less efficient because they must be absorbed in the small intestine and then, depending on their molecular structures, are broken down or activated in the liver before being transported to the correct area of action (GCU, 2012). Another route is sublingual or buccal. These methods rely on the capillaries under the tongue or in the cheek for quick absorption. Medications such as nitroglycerin are given this way (GCU, 2012). A third method is topical. Medications given topically are applied to the skin and absorbed as they diffuse through the epidermis (GCU, 2012). A forth way is rectal. Medications may also be absorbed by the capillaries in the rectum. This is a useful route in patients who cannot take medications by mouth due to nausea, vomiting, or extreme disease of the mouth (GCU, 2012). A final way would be parenteral. This method involves administering medication intravenously, intradermal, subcutaneously, intramuscularly, and intrathecally (GCU, 2012). The best and most preferred route to give medication is orally. The...
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