Homeless Youth

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Homeless Youth

Availability of housing facilities is of significance in the life of children/youths in the society. Homeless youths are the individuals that are under the age of eighteen years who lacks consistent place to stay or whose residence is a private or public shelter that is meant to give a temporal accommodation. America is the most industrialized and a superpower in the word but it has millions of residents who live below the poverty line that is set by the United Nations. Many of these people are young people/youths who lack proper shelter and they are therefore homeless Even though it is difficult to establish the exact population of the homeless youths in the United States of America, the Department of Justice through the office of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention estimated the population to be about 1682900 and these youths are in the age bracket of 15 and 17 years. Also, the National Coalition for the Homeless has carried out some studies and released a report which shows that the youth homelessness is continuously increasing in America. The foundation of the factors that leads to youth homelessness in America is based on the deficiency of the necessary basic requirements. Some of the causes of homelessness include the absence of social support to the youths, presence of economic insecurity, lack of affordable shelter/housing facilities, divorce, drug or alcohol abuse, lack of emergency help, existence of various forms of violence in the homes, some health conditions and behaviors and the participation of youths in the child welfare systems. Violence is one of the primary causes of youth homelessness because a large percentage of the homeless youths are from the many mothers who are also homeless due to domestic violence. Also, some children are homeless because of experiencing different forms of violence in their homes whereby other family members may sexually or physically abuse them. Many of the domestic violence cases involve the intimate partner violence, which is the major cause of the instability in many homes. There are various behavioral health problems enhancing the runaway of the youths from their homes and they end up becoming homeless. Some children/youths are exposed to severe trauma and violence that makes them acquire behavioral health problems and they have high chances of being depressed and prone to various mental problems, which lead to homelessness. Many runaway youths experience various forms of mental problems and they always exhibit much behavioral problems. The youths become homeless due to some disruptions of their families caused by divorce. These youths may experience short or long-term homelessness. If the families break up, the youths are forced to search for new places to live and this becomes very difficult for them. They may lack suitable places to go or stay as they may lack the required funds. In respect to this, some of the youths may end up staying/sleeping in the streets temporarily and this may finally lead to long-term youth homelessness. The youths that are in the foster care are prone to homelessness. Most of the youths in the care provide reports of running away from their homes. The researches have shown than a greater percentage of the foster youths have experienced homelessness. In recent years, there have been reports economic problems such as unemployment which leads to the rise of homelessness in the United States of America. Due to this economic/financial crisis, the number of people who are homeless is in the increase. Since the year 2007, the income for many workers has decreased and hence many people are not able to afford the suitable accommodation/shelter. Also, the job stability and security have deteriorated and the large population of the unemployed people and their families cannot be able to escape homelessness. For instance, the number of unemployment has increased since December 2007 by more than 14.5 million whereby the...
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