Chulalongkorn University, AY 2012
Section one: Introduction3
Section two: Background of Homeless 4 Situation in Bangkok
Section Three: Strategy and Making it happen 10
Section one: Introduction
The situation of homelessness has been endemic in the human family from the beginning of civilization in every part of the world. While some people hold the view that homelessness is something that can happen to anybody, there is a growing body of research which indicates that there are underlying causes of homelessness, such as poverty and lack of housing options, and risk factors such as mental ill health, addiction, weak family supports and experience of institutional care, which put certain households at increased risk of becoming homeless. Homelessness has been experienced over the centuries by a great variety of people. Nevertheless, destitute, disables and antisocial have been typically made up the core of those for whom homelessness has been a way of life. In pre-industrial society, slaves and prostitutes were also among these groups. When the Industrial Revolution encouraged migration from rural to urban areas and across continents, the ranks of the homeless were expanded by seasonal labors and migratory workers. Homelessness describes the condition of people without a regular dwelling. People who are homeless are most often unable to acquire and maintain regular, safe, secure, and adequate housing, or lack "fixed, regular, and adequate night-time residence." The legal definition of "homeless" varies from country to country, or among different entities or institutions in the same country or region. The term homeless may also include people whose primary night-time residence is in a homeless shelter, a warming center, a domestic violence shelter, cardboard boxes or other ad hoc housing situation. American Government homeless enumeration studies also include persons who sleep in a public or private place not designed for use as a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings. In this article, I do not think that using the word homeless is suitable for Bangkok public living problem because some of them have homes but they choose to stay out. Therefore, in some point I may use the word public living, tramp or wanderer instead of homeless if the specified groups are in the category.
Section two:Background of Homeless situation in Bangkok
In Bangkok, Public living is a serious problem which for a long times every government seemed to ignore. It has been divided to 10 types of homeless in Bangkok which are 1. Homeless person: a person who lives in public areas such as on the street since he owns no land or has been evicted from his own land. 2. Gypsy: a person who lives in public spaces for instance; the street, Sanamluang, Sapanput (memorial bridge area), Hua Lumpong, Mo Chit, Lumpini, and under the highway or the bridge, usually urban areas such as bus terminals, markets, and tourist spots. The reasons of being gypsy vary among diverse problems for example unemployment, family dilemma, handicapped, following the parents, as well as seeking for freedom. 3.Homeless gypsy: a person who moves out from his/her own place for whatever reason, live in public spaces, or even set up a new family in public. Homeless gypsy can move around or temporarily settle down at some places. 4. Homeless children / Homeless family: children who live on the street or other public areas. 5. Alcoholism can cause trouble at people’s work as well their health, can be chronic even losing self-control leading to many negative results socially, politically, mentally and physically which many patients do not realize that these problems caused by alcoholism. These people might be motivated by denial or refusal from their families since they are alcoholic, otherwise they might use...