1. Which dosage forms are most appropriate for administering drugs to pediatric patients? Adult Depending on the method of dispensing the forms come in different types. These are liquid dosage form, solid dosage form and gases. When it comes to pediatric it depends on the age; however, a few common forms would be syrups, gummies, lollipops, suppositories, transdermal preparations, injections, and rapid-dissolve tablets. As with adults, based on the complaint, forms may come as pills, patches, injections, capsules, torches and suppositories.
2. What are the processes involved in disintegration and dissolution? Disintegration and dissolution are a means of the way medication breaks down within the body and delivers to cells. Some medications are design to break down immediately and be carried away by the bloodstream. For example, a Sublingual medication will quickly disintegrate and dissolve into a solution to relieve a symptom. Manufacturers of drugs can make drugs control the speed of disintegration and dissolution. 3. Give a definition of pharmacokinetics.
Pharmacokinetics the study of the action of medications within the body, which can, in many respects, be envisioned more accurately as the actions of the body on an administered drug. It includes studies of the mechanisms of drug absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion; onset of action; duration of effect; biotransformation; and effects and routes of elimination of the metabolites of the drug.
4. Examine the processes of absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion, and explain why they occur in this order. For absorption to occur, a drug must exist in a form that allows it to enter an organ wall and carried by the bloodstream. Distribution is the transportation of medication to the body’s tissue. Metabolism happens when drugs chemically change and occurs primarily in the liver for the purpose of excretion. Excretion is the elimination of the drug from the body;...
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