The name Holy Roman Empire wasn’t always the name of the Empire. It was at first known to be the Empire in the West. As time went on in the 11th century (1034) it was called the Roman Empire or also known as Romanum imperium. The use of this term was under Conrad II, to designate the lands ruled by the emperor. The use of the term Romanum imperium becomes considerably more frequent under Frederick I Barbossa. During the 11th century another term Romanum regnum appears in an official document. Then in the 12th century (1157) the term Holy Empire or sacrum imperium appears. The two expressions Romanum imperium and sacrum imperium are used alongside in official documents for a century; it wasn’t until the 1254 that the name Holy Roman Empire or sacrum Romanum imperium was adopted. From that date, the new phrase never falls out of use although the shorter formulas continue to be used commonly.
Over the Empire’s history its territory varies immensely. The principal area of the Empire was always the German States. But at its climax it extended through Germany, Italy, and Burgundy, present day Austria, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Liechtenstein, Luxemburg, the Czech Republic, Slovenia, Belgium, as well as large parts of modern France and Poland. Through out much of its history the Empire consisted of several smaller principalities, counties, free imperial cities, as well as several kingdoms and other domains. (Bryce, Holy Roman Empire)
Eventually The Holy Roman Empire evolved into a limited elective monarchy. At the same... [continues]
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