Holocaust: Nazi Propaganda, Anti-Semitism, Auschwitz, Survivors, and Rescue in Denmark

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Nazi Propaganda and Censorship

While Hitler was coming to power, the Nazis orchestrated a massive propaganda

campaign to win the loyalty and cooperation of Germans. All media whose viewpoints

threatened Nazi beliefs were either censored or eliminated altogether. In May of 1933,

more than 25,000 books written by both Jewish and non-Jewish authors including Helen

Keller were burned. On December 5th in 1930, Joseph Goebbels disrupted the premiere of

“All Quiet on the Western Front” with smoke and sneezing bombs because its views were

considered “un-German.” Even schoolbooks were censored from classrooms. The Nazi’s

controlled the media so they could integrate Nazi racism and ideas into it. On March 13th,

1933, Goebbels was appointed head of the Reich Propaganda Ministry. As the head, he

condemned works written by Jews, liberals, leftists, pacifists, foreigners, and many

others. New textbooks were put into classrooms praising Hitler and anti-Semitism.

Hence, people were taught blind obedience to the Nazi party.


Jewish people have been faced with prejudices and discriminations throughout

history. They were isolated in Christian societies, which, if you can remember, were

almost everywhere. The Church taught that the Jews were responsible for Jesus’s death,

and that they also caused the “Black Death,” which was the plague that killed thousands

of people. The ignorance of people never ceases to surprise me. Because of these

accusations, Jews couldn’t hold certain jobs or own land. It must’ve been hard not being

able to express yourself the way everyone else did. Jews either had to convert to

Christianity, leave the country, or be persecuted. Influential people mistakenly defined

them as a race, which ultimately meant that even if they did convert to Christianity, they

were still Jews by blood. The government either organized or didn’t prevent violent

attacks on Jews, which involved murder and then looting. Why was so much hate

projected towards the Jews?


When educated people hear “Auschwitz,” a pretty picture does not come to mind.

Auschwitz was the largest concentration camp established by the Germans in the 1940s.

It was altogether a concentration, extermination, and forced-labor camp. In just five

years, over one million innocent people lost their lives. If they could work or were some

use to the Germans, their lives were spared. If they couldn’t work, this includes the sick,

the elderly, children, et cetera, they were sent to gas chambers. Auschwitz’s four

LARGEST gas chambers could hold and kill 2,000 people at once. Afterwards, their

bodies were burned. As mentioned earlier, the workers were left alive, but had live in

unbearable conditions. They were not insulated from the heat or cold; they wore the same

clothes 24 hours a day, seven days a week. They were malnourished and were often fed

rotten, molded food. Dr. Josef Mengele performed cruel experiments on twins, dwarves,

as well as the sick, and then killed them if they didn’t die during the experiments. It really

is no surprise that most prisoners survived only a few weeks to months in Auschwitz.


Returning to life before the Holocaust was impossible for victims. Not only was it

impossible, but it was also dangerous. People would think that after all the Jews had been

through, that they’d learn to take it easy on them. But still, there were anti-Jewish riots

and pogroms when survivors returned. Rumors spread about Jewish people killing Polish

children and using their blood for rituals. Due to these rumors, even more riots broke out,

one in particular where 41 people were murdered, and 50 more were wounded. Even if

the people had been peaceful to the survivors, they wouldn’t have had a place to live.

Many came home to find that their homes had been looted...
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