The Jews of Europe were the main targets of the Holocaust, in what the Nazis called the "Final Solution of the Jewish Question". Other groups deemed "undesirable", especially Slavs, Romany, the disabled (mentally and/or physically) and gay men, were also persecuted and murdered.
There were other stars worn during the Holocaust. To identify prisoners in the camps according to their "offense", they were required to wear colored triangles (stars) on their clothing. Although the colors used differed from camp to camp, the colors most commonly used were:
Yellow: Jews -- two overlaid to form a Star of David, with the word "Jude" (Jew) inscribed; mischlings, (half-breeds) i.e., those who were deemed to be only part Jewish, often wore a single yellow triangle
Red: Political dissidents, including Communists
Green: Common criminals. Criminals of Aryan descent were frequently given special privileges at the camps, and power over other prisoners.
Purple: Religious fundamentalists (defined as persons belonging to Christian sects whose teachings forbid fighting in wars), most notably Jehovah's Witnesses
Brown: Roma and Sinti (Gypsies)
Black: Lesbians and "anti-socials" (alcoholics and the "work-shy")
Pink: Gay men
Concentration camps for "undesirables" were spread throughout Europe, with new camps being created near centers of dense... [continues]
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