Hollywood Films

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  • Topic: Western, John Ford, John Wayne
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  • Published : April 28, 2013
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经典好莱坞电影时期
经典好莱坞电影基本成型于上世纪十年代。当时观众的欣赏口味偏向于古典叙事风格,有声技术的运用也使电影中复杂的叙事与流畅的对话成为可能,这一切促成了经典好莱坞电影浓重的戏剧化风格。同时这种风格也符合当时的制片厂制度。由好莱坞巨鳄麦克?塞纳特创造的制片厂制度客观上要求电影必须以迎合最广大观众的审美需求为目标,而传统的被大众所熟悉的戏剧化美学观显然是最好的选择。类型电影在这样的背景下应运而生。这些被克拉考尔称为迎合观众“深层集体心理”的影片,通过程式化的情节、类型化的人物,迅速占据了观众的视野,科幻、歌舞、犯罪等形式的类型片得以在世界影院中大行其道。西部片作为最“美国化”的类型片在经典好莱坞时期占有重要的地位。西部片颂扬、推崇那种粗犷的个人主义和适者生存的精神,体现着善必胜恶的道德理想,因而在美国影坛上长盛不衰。弗雷德?金尼曼拍摄于1952年的《正午》就在很多方面体现了西部片的特征,或者说是体现了经典好莱坞时期影片的特征。

Classic Hollywood period
Classic Hollywood movies basic molding on behalf of ten years in the last century. Classical narrative style, audience tastes was biased in favor of the use of audio technology also makes the complex narrative of the film with a smooth dialogue becomes possible, which all contributed to a strong dramatic style of classic Hollywood. This style is also in line when the studio system. By the studio system the Hollywood giant Mack Sennett created the objective requirements of the film must be in order to meet the aesthetic needs of the overwhelming majority of the audience as the goal, the traditional public familiar dramatic aesthetics is clearly the best choice. The type of film came into being in this context. The Kracauer cater to the audience "deep collective psychological movie, the plot of the stylized characters typed rapidly occupied the vision, science fiction, song and dance, crime and other forms of audience type piece to be the world theater popular. Westerns as the most "American" type of film occupies an important position in the classic Hollywood period. Westerns celebrate, respected the kind of rugged individualism and the spirit of survival of the fittest, reflecting good win evil moral ideal, and thus eternity on film in the United States. Fred Zinnemann was taken in 1952, "High Noon" in many ways reflects the characteristics of the Westerns, or reflects the characteristics of the classic Hollywood period films....
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