2b. John Holland’s theory
John Holland is the most well known career theories among others. Holland’s theory of career development is a significant vocational theory in career development. Holland’s theory emerged from the Factor and Trait Theory. The theory assumes that individual’s personality characteristics and occupational environment should match to lead success. There are six premises that can be used to explain Holland’s theory. This theory states that most people have one of the six personality types which are realistic, investigative, artistic, social, enterprising and conventional. These categories can be represented in the form of a hexagon which reveals the extent to which each of the categories link with each other. For example studies indicate that categories which lie close to each other in the hexagon is most possible strongly correlate with each other than those who lie at a distance. Individuals who fall into the realistic type are often practical minded and physically strong. They also like to work outdoors and have difficulty communicating feelings. They dislike radical ideas but like to build or repair things. They are not too social keen on socializing but aggressive and like to create things with their own hands. They will like activities requiring motor skill and coordination. Examples of suitable jobs are farmer, truck driver, builder, pilot or builder. The investigative type consists of individuals who prefer solving mathematical problems but do not like rules. They like science but not mostly interested in working with other people. They have original and creative in scientific areas, independent and rational. They also try to understand and curious about physical work and are challenged by theoretical problems. Examples of suitable jobs are chemist, mathematician, pharmacist, dentist or researcher. Individuals who fall into the artistic type tend to be more self expressive and creative in artistic media such as writing, music and...
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