Multicultural Career Counseling
Grand Canyon University: PCN-525
August 30, 2013
This research paper will summarize “Holland’s Theory of Vocational Choice”; followed by a practical application of the theory to this Author’s life. Other than the textbook for this class; one other resource cited in the reference section was used to make the following concise summation of Holland’s Theory. Holland’s Theory of Vocational Choice
Holland’s Theory can be summarized as follows: In western culture what are referred to in this theory as, “Holland’s Codes”, make up one of six personality types (Career Key Organization, 1997) (see details and specifics in section two). Workers in any given vocation, who have the same or closely related, personality type(s), ideally share environments to support their corresponding personality. For example: An artistic personality would benefit from an environment that fosters creativity (or choose any other adjective that corresponds). Work environments correspond directly with the six personality codes. People search for “match specific environments where they can use their skills and abilities in expression of their values and attitudes.” (Career Key Organization, 1997, p. para 4.) The fundamental basis of this model is the congruent theoretical relationship that implies: The closer a person is to pairing their given personality type with a matching environment; the closer they are to success and satisfaction in their vocation. Holland’s Theoretical Model is contrary to current vocational theories because it fosters an inverse relationship regarding diversity among peers in the work environment. Holland’s Theory of Vocational Choice is a simplistic model that notably ignores the developmental aspects of modern careers (vocations) and “when used in career counseling (it), requires a working knowledge of several inventories and diagnostic measures.” (Zunker, 2012, p. 30.) Holland’s...
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